Tên bài báo:A third-order shear deformation theory for nonlinear vibration analysis of stiffened functionally graded material sandwich doubly curved shallow shells with four material models
This study presents a nonlinear vibration analysis of function graded sandwich doubly curved shallow shells, which reinforced by functionally graded material stiffeners and rested on the Pasternak foundation. The shells are subjected to the combination of mechanical, thermal, and damping loading. Four models of the sandwich shells with general sigmoid and power laws distribution are considered. The governing equations are established based on the third-order shear deformation theory. Von Ka ´rma ´n-type nonlinearity and smeared stiffener technique are taken into account. The explicit expressions for determining natural frequencies, nonlinear frequency–amplitude relation, and time–deflection curves are obtained by employing the Galerkin method. Finally, the fourth-order Runge–Kutta method is applied to investigate the influences of functionally graded material stiffeners, the boundary conditions, the models of the shells, thermal environment, foundation and geometrical parameters on the natural frequencies and dynamic nonlinear responses of the sandwich shells.
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