Tên bài báo:

Computational Hybrid Machine Learning Based Prediction of Shear Capacity for Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete Beams
Tác giả:
Lý Hải Bằng
Tham gia cùng:
Phạm Thái Bình
Vũ Thị Hương Lan
Trần Văn Quân
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Năm xuất bản:
Từ trang 1 đến trang 34
Lĩnh vực:
Kỹ thuật xây dựng công trình giao thông
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Quốc tế

Tóm tắt:

Understanding shear behavior is crucial for the design of reinforced concrete beams and sustainability in construction and civil engineering. Although numerous studies have been proposed, predicting such behavior still needs further improvement. This study proposes a soft-computing tool to predict the ultimate shear capacities (USCs) of concrete beams reinforced with steel fiber, one of the most important factors in structural design. Two hybrid machine learning (ML) algorithms were created that combine neural networks (NNs) with two distinct optimization techniques (i.e., the Real-Coded Genetic Algorithm (RCGA) and the Firefly Algorithm (FFA)): the NN-RCGA and the NN-FFA. A database of 463 experimental data was gathered from reliable literature for the development of the models. After the construction, validation, and selection of the best model based on common statistical criteria, a comparison with the empirical equations available in the literature was carried out. Further, a sensitivity analysis was conducted to evaluate the importance of 16 inputs and reveal the dependency of structural parameters on the USC. The results showed that the NN-RCGA (R = 0.9771) was better than the NN-FFA and other analytical models (R = 0.5274–0.9075). The sensitivity analysis results showed that web width, effective depth, and a clear depth ratio were the most important parameters in modeling the shear capacity of steel fiber-reinforced concrete beams

Từ khóa:

civil engineering; structural engineering; shear capacity; fiber reinforced concrete beams; machine learning; optimization techniques
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